The Snake Capital of the Suburbs

In California, living in the hills means living among snakes.


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Chris Cole, a former professional skateboarder, and his daughter look at a dead rattlesnake he found on the side of the road in Escondido.Credit…Sam Hodgson for The New York Times

OAK PARK, Calif. — A story that was in the news recently has been fueling my nightmares: A woman in Santa Rosa found 92 rattlesnakes beneath her home.

Apparently it’s extremely unusual to find that many under a single property, and no one was injured by the poisonous snakes. But if you, like me, are among the majority of Americans terrified of snakes, those disclaimers provide little relief.

Snakes live in every county in California, and urban development encroaching into wilderness has increased how often we encounter them. There’s also evidence that wildlife have been further displaced by severe drought and wildfires.

“We’re seeing an uptick particularly in snake encounters because many of them have moved out of this degraded habitat,” Sabrina Ashjian, California state director for the Humane Society, told me.

I grew up in Thousand Oaks, a suburban community about 45 miles northwest of Los Angeles, where the boundary between nature and civilization has always been blurred. My high school once went on lockdown because a black bear was too close to campus.

The first time I saw a snake in the wild was when my family found two on our property — one trying to squeeze under our garage door and the other already curled up inside. Firefighters who removed the snakes informed us (to my everlasting horror) that the pair had been preparing to mate.

In my hometown and the rest of Ventura County, where much of the population lives close to open space, so many residents find snakes on their land that local firefighters train to handle such incidents. (Firefighters also deal with snakes in Los Angeles County, though in few other parts of the state or nation.)

Each Ventura County fire truck comes equipped with a snake catcher — essentially a long pole with tongs at one end — and new hires learn how to differentiate gopher snakes from rattlesnakes. The department receives about 1,000 snake calls a year, Capt. Robert Welsbie, a spokesman, told me.


A group of venomous Northern Pacific rattlesnakes that were extracted from under a home in Santa Rosa this month.Credit…Sonoma County Reptile Rescue/Associated Press

But within Ventura County, there’s one place considered “the snake capital”: the hillside community of Oak Park, which is served by Station 36.

“If you work at Station 36, people would say, ‘How are all those snake calls?'” Welsbie told me. Snakes are so intertwined with the station’s identity that its patch features hissing rattlesnakes.

Oak Park, an upper-middle-class community of about 14,000 people, owes its snake bounty to geography — on two sides, it abuts acres of federally protected wilderness.

As I drove through Oak Park recently, I noticed deer crossing signs on major streets. The logo of a local shuttle line was a leaping mountain lion.

Housing tracts here backed up into open space, and some streets ended in trailheads leading up browned hills.

This is the truth about wealth in California: To succeed here often means living among wildlife, including snakes.

A few years ago, as a reporter at The Los Angeles Times, I shadowed a rattlesnake wrangler who has caught snakes in the backyards of Jamie Foxx, Ellen DeGeneres and Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Where do snakes live? Hills. Where do celebrities live? Hills.

Welsbie, who worked at Station 36 for six years, told me the biggest rattlesnake he ever saw was inside an Oak Park home. The snake, which was sitting on a window ledge, was at least four feet long, and fat.

The homeowners didn’t know how it entered. The last time they could remember leaving a door open had been 36 hours earlier.

“We were all shocked,” Welsbie told me. “To think that thing had been living inside that person’s house.”

For more:

The Humane Society on how to deal with snakes.

Are baby rattlers more poisonous? Six rattlesnake myths, busted.


Over a century ago, Serranus Hastings, founder of the University of California, Hastings College of the Law, initiated the massacre of Native Americans in Round Valley.Credit…Mike Kai Chen for The New York Times

If you read one story, make it this

The founder of the Hastings College of the Law masterminded the killings of hundreds of Native Americans 160 years ago.

The school, tribal members and alumni disagree over what to do about it now.


Lake Oroville after the rain, which caused the water level to rise more than 16 feet.Credit…Noah Berger/Associated Press

The rest of the news

Drought still on: The deluge California received over the past few days was nowhere near enough to end the drought, The Associated Press reports.

Stimulus checks: California residents who haven’t received their Golden State Stimulus can expect to see checks arriving in the next several weeks, The Sacramento Bee reports.

Police officer found guilty: A Danville police officer was convicted of assault with a firearm for fatally shooting a mentally ill motorist in 2018, The Associated Press reports.


San Diego rent burden: A new study finds that Black renters in San Diego spend more of their income on housing than renters anywhere else in the country, KPBS reports.

Noxious smell lingers in Carson: Despite a local emergency declaration from the Carson City Council, residents are confronting local leaders about a smell that has been causing nausea and headaches since it was first reported three weeks ago, The Los Angeles Times reports.

Covid-19 vaccine: A high school student has sued the San Diego Unified School District, arguing that the new student vaccine mandates amount to religious discrimination, The San Diego Union-Tribune reports.


Groundwater contamination: Billions of barrels of wastewater laced with toxic chemicals that were disposed of in the state’s Central Valley may be leaking into the ground, Grist reports.


The jewel of Sacramento: The lower American River Parkway will receive about $12 million in state funding for improvements, the largest public access investment for the park, The Sacramento Bee reports.

Ethnic studies: Berkeley Unified School District plans to require ethnic studies classes for all grade levels, Berkeleyside reports.

An early ski season: Storms that dumped snow across the Lake Tahoe region prompted Tahoe ski resorts to open on Friday, a month sooner than expected, The San Francisco Chronicle reports.

Another In-N-Out shut down: A second In-N-Out Burger — this one in Contra Costa County — has been closed for not checking vaccine cards, KPIX reports.


Credit…Sang An for The New York Times.

What we’re eating

The smoky taste of wok hei, without a wok.

Where we’re traveling

Today’s tip comes from Marsha Porte, who recommends visiting California’s more than 1,100 historical landmarks:

“I have visited over 500 of them so far. I find myself in places I’ve never been before (sometimes off the beaten path) even though I’ve traveled lots in my 70 years of living in California. At each place, I read about the significance and take in the geography, imagining what it was like back in the years of its existence.

I highly recommend this fun adventure. I’ve been doing this since my husband passed six years ago. I take photos and hope to make a photo book when I finish this project. Examples: where angry Native Americans killed a cattle rancher (you understand that conflict), Japanese internment camps, trails where mule teams carried borax, where Spanish explorers first landed on our shores, California’s first Capitol building, places of first industries, the standing adobes of the 1800s, Mark Twain’s little log cabin, etc. I find each location and story fascinating.”

Tell us about your favorite places to visit in California. Email your suggestions to We’ll be sharing more in upcoming editions of the newsletter.

And before you go, some good news

Berkeley Bowl is a grocery store like no other, with rows of bulk containers of nuts, oats and dried fruits as well as the widest produce selection I’ve ever seen.

It’s the kind of place that inspires an unusual level of devotion among its customers.

So when a couple that met in a class at the University of California, Berkeley, started planning their wedding, they decided to take their engagement photos at — you guessed it — Berkeley Bowl.

Thanks for reading. I’ll be back tomorrow. — Soumya

P.S. Here’s today’s Mini Crossword, and a clue: “Handle” for picking up a pumpkin (4 letters).

Miles McKinley and Mariel Wamsley contributed to California Today. You can reach the team at

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