Afghan Pilots Who Sought Safety in Uzbekistan Transfer to U.S. Base

Taliban leaders have been pressuring the Uzbek government to turn over the pilots, who fear for the safety of themselves and their families.

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WASHINGTON — An initial group of Afghan pilots who flew themselves and their family members to safety in Uzbekistan aboard Afghan Air Force aircraft were transferred to a U.S. military base in the United Arab Emirates on Sunday, according to the office of Representative August Pfluger, which has been in contact with one of the pilots and his wife.

Two other groups of Afghan pilots and their relatives are expected to fly out in the next day or so under an arrangement the United States negotiated with Uzbekistan to move more than 450 Afghans.

The Afghan pilots, whom the Taliban consider among the most reviled members of the Afghan military for their role in conducting airstrikes against Taliban fighters, have been caught in a delicate diplomatic tug of war since fleeing their country as the government in Kabul was collapsing last month.

Taliban leaders have been pressuring the Uzbek government to turn over the pilots, who fear for the safety of themselves and their families. The United States, for its part, has been leaning on the Uzbeks to let the Afghans leave and fulfill its pledge to secure safe passage to pivotal members of the Afghan military who fought alongside the United States.

Since 2010, the Defense Department has appropriated over $8.5 billion to develop a capable and sustainable Afghan Air Force and its special mission wing.

Former American service members, many of whom trained and served with the Afghan pilots and their maintenance crews, as well as members of Congress, have been working closely with the State Department to arrange the transfers to U.S. bases in the Middle East and, ultimately, to the United States.

“I’m very happy they’re getting out, but this was not a smooth process,” Mr. Pfluger, a Texas Republican and former Air Force F-22 pilot, said in a telephone interview. “The pilots were the most lethal part of the Afghan military, and it’s very important to do whatever we can to protect them.”

Mr. Pfluger said he became involved after a constituent who is married to an Afghan pilot contacted his office. The constituent, Jerri, a U.S. citizen, met the pilot while he was training at Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio.

Jerri said her husband messaged her on Sunday afternoon saying he had landed at Abu Dhabi International Airport after spending about a month in Uzbekistan. He said there were about 175 people on his flight.

“I feel so much better,” said Jerri, 33, a hairstylist in San Angelo, Texas, who declined to provide her full name because she feared retaliation against her husband’s family members, who remain in Kabul. “I haven’t felt this relieved in a long, long time.”

Jerri said it was unclear when her husband would be able to come to the United States. The last time they spoke, he said he was being tested for the coronavirus and awaiting results.

Understand the Taliban Takeover in Afghanistan

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Who are the Taliban? The Taliban arose in 1994 amid the turmoil that came after the withdrawal of Soviet forces from Afghanistan in 1989. They used brutal public punishments, including floggings, amputations and mass executions, to enforce their rules. Here’s more on their origin story and their record as rulers.

Who are the Taliban leaders? These are the top leaders of the Taliban, men who have spent years on the run, in hiding, in jail and dodging American drones. Little is known about them or how they plan to govern, including whether they will be as tolerant as they claim to be. One spokesman told The Times that the group wanted to forget its past, but that there would be some restrictions.

How did the Taliban gain control? See how the Taliban retook power in Afghanistan in a few months, and read about how their strategy enabled them to do so.

What happens to the women of Afghanistan? The last time the Taliban were in power, they barred women and girls from taking most jobs or going to school. Afghan women have made many gains since the Taliban were toppled, but now they fear that ground may be lost. Taliban officials are trying to reassure women that things will be different, but there are signs that, at least in some areas, they have begun to reimpose the old order.

What does their victory mean for terrorist groups? The United States invaded Afghanistan 20 years ago in response to terrorism, and many worry that Al Qaeda and other radical groups will again find safe haven there. On Aug. 26, deadly explosions outside Afghanistan’s main airport claimed by the Islamic State demonstrated that terrorists remain a threat.

How will this affect future U.S. policy in the region? Washington and the Taliban may spend years pulled between cooperation and conflict, Some of the key issues at hand include: how to cooperate against a mutual enemy, the Islamic State branch in the region, known as ISIS-K, and whether the U.S. should release $9.4 billion in Afghan government currency reserves that are frozen in the country.

“Once he’s processed out, hopefully he’ll be coming to Texas or in the U.S. somewhere, so that we can go get him,” she said. “The ultimate goal is that he’s coming home.”

It was not immediately clear whether the group of Afghans would ultimately be transferred to the United States or elsewhere.

Even if all of the pilots, their maintenance crews and relatives are safely transferred from Uzbekistan to the U.S. military evacuation pipeline out of Afghanistan, Mr. Pfluger said the fate of the more than 40 helicopters and airplanes — including A-29s and Black Hawk and Mi-17 helicopters — the pilots flew into Uzbekistan remained in doubt.

“We don’t want them to fall into the hands of the Taliban or Al Qaeda,” he said.

The small but professional Afghan Air Force provided air support to beleaguered Afghan ground forces, and also supplied and evacuated hundreds of outposts and bases across the country during the final months of fighting.

But the Afghan aircrews quickly found themselves spread thin and overworked with planes that were increasingly grounded after American military contractors who provided most of the aircraft maintenance left when a majority of U.S. troops departed in early July.

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