Floods in Germany and Other Parts of Western Europe Leave at Least 45 Dead

Strong rains caused rivers to burst their banks, overloaded sewage systems and washed away buildings in Germany and Belgium. Homes and streets in the Netherlands and Switzerland also flooded.


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BERLIN — Severe flooding in Germany and Belgium left at least 45 people dead on Thursday, with dozens of others missing and still more stranded on rooftops as violent storms lashed a swath of Western Europe.

Swift-moving water from swollen rivers surged through cities and villages in three western German states, the hardest-hit region. In Belgium, where at least six people were killed, authorities ordered inhabitants of downtown Liege to evacuate as the Meuse River, which flows through its center, overflowed its banks.

The storms and resulting high water also battered neighboring Switzerland, the Netherlands and Luxembourg as a slow-moving weather system threatened to dump even more rain on the inundated region overnight and into early Friday.

The devastation caused by the severe weather came just days after the European Union announced an ambitious blueprint to pivot away from fossil fuels over the next nine years, as part of plans to make the 27-country bloc carbon-neutral by 2050. And environmental activists and politicians were quick to draw parallels between the flooding and the effects of climate change.


The Ahr river burst its banks, inundating Schuld.Credit…Michael Probst/Associated Press

But the immediate focus on Thursday remained the rescue efforts, with hundreds of firefighters, emergency responders and soldiers working to save people from the upper floors and rooftops of their homes, fill sandbags to stem the rising water and carry out searches for the missing.

“We have no exact numbers of dead, but can say that we have many people who have become victims of this flood,” Armin Laschet, the governor of North Rhine-Westphalia, one of the hardest-hit states in Germany, told reporters on Thursday.

“Many people lost everything that they own after the mud flowed into their homes,” said Mr. Laschet, who is running to replace Angela Merkel as chancellor in national elections on Sept. 26.


Assessing the damage in Hagen.Credit…Ina Fassbender/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

The flooding in North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate was some of the worst in decades, after several days of steady rain dumped more water than could be absorbed by the ground and sewage systems.

The police in Koblenz said 18 people had died in the heavily hit Ahrweiler district, where the Ahr river burst its banks, inundating the town of Schuld with murky pale brown water. Six houses collapsed, and several others threatened to give way, the police said.

Dozens of people remained unaccounted for, and the police urged people to upload images taken of the floods to help them in their search.


A partly flooded house in Erdorf, Germany.Credit…Harald Tittel/DPA, via Associated Press

The authorities in the district of Euskirchen, south of Dusseldorf, said that at least 15 people were known to have died in the flooding there. Many others were still being rescued, although some villages remained unreachable. Police in North Rhine-Westphalia reported at least seven other fatalities.

Ms. Merkel, who is visiting Washington, expressed her condolences to those who had lost loved ones and thanked the thousands of helpers. She pledged the support of the German government for the affected regions.

“Everything that can be done, wherever we can help, we will do that,” she said, adding that Germany had received offers of help from its European partners.

Hundreds of firefighters worked through the night to evacuate people who had been left stranded. Two died while trying to rescue people in Altena, in North Rhine-Westphalia, the police said.

“The water is still flowing knee-high through the streets, parked cars are thrown sideways, and trash and debris are piling up on the sides,” Alexander Bange, the district spokesman in the Markische region of North Rhine-Westphalia, told the German news agency D.P.A.

“It is really very depressing here,” he said.


A damaged road in Bad Munstereifel.Credit…Sascha Steinbach/EPA, via Shutterstock

Dozens of communities were left without power, while some villages were cut off entirely, the police said. Telephone and cellphone networks were also down, making it more difficult for the authorities to establish who was missing.

Belgium and the Netherlands also experienced significant flooding as the weather system made its way across the region. In Belgium, the flooding was reported to have caused the deaths of at least two people in Liege Province, according to the country’s public broadcaster, RTBF.

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Floods in Germany and other parts of Western Europe leave at least 40 dead: “I live in the upper Meuse Valley in Belgium. After yesterday’s and this night’s rainfalls, torrents of water were rushing down the hills at many places in the valley this morning. Roads were impassable. I had never seen that before; and we are not one of the worst-hit places.” Yves C., Belgium.Tech workers swore off San Francisco. Now they’re coming back.:We need people committed to San Francisco and who call it home. Not just a place for tech workers who commute to Silicon Valley clogging our streets every morning and night with gigantic transport buses.” Gary, San Francisco.A restaurant shut down for a ‘Day of Kindness’ after customers made its staff cry: “Having lived in another country, my sense is that Americans are used to excellent service and lots of options. This ongoing sense of frustration isn’t wearing well on us.” Kathryn, Colorado.

As the Meuse continued to rise to dangerous levels, the regional authorities urged people in the city to evacuate, and if that was not possible, to shelter in the upper floors of buildings. All stores were ordered shut, and tourists were advised to leave.


In Verviers, Belgium.Credit…Francois Walschaerts/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

The Belgian Defense Force said it had deployed helicopters and personnel to assist with rescue and recovery efforts amid reports that the river was expected to rise several feet, threatening a dam.

In the Netherlands, soldiers were sent to help with evacuations in Limburg Province, where at least one nursing home had to be cleared, according to the Dutch news outlet NU.nl.

Intense rain in Switzerland led the country’s weather service to warn on Thursday that flooding would worsen in the coming days. It said there was a high risk of flooding on Lake Biel, Lake Thun and Lake Lucerne, and noted the potential for landslides.

The leader of Friends of the Earth Germany in North Rhine-Westphalia linked the severe flooding in the region to what he said were failed policies by lawmakers in charge of the state. The impact of climate change is one of the issues that has been fiercely debated in Germany before the September elections in which the Greens party is in the running for second place, behind Mr. Laschet’s conservative Christian Democrats.

“The catastrophic results of the heavy rain in the past few days are largely homemade,” said Holger Sticht, who heads the regional chapter and blamed lawmakers and industry for building in floodplains and woodlands. “We urgently need to change course.”


A campsite in Roermond, the Netherlands, on Thursday.Credit…Rob Engelaar/EPA, via Shutterstock

Megan Specia contributed reporting.

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